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Download business plan

Video on demand

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Download business plan appeared youtube

Postby Ararg В» 12.02.2020


Video on demand VOD is a video media distribution system that allows users to access video entertainment without a traditional video entertainment device and without the constraints of a typical static broadcasting schedule. In the 20th century, broadcasting in the form of over-the-air programming was the commonest form of media distribution. As Internet and IPTV technologies continued to develop in the s, consumers began to gravitate towards non-traditional modes of content consumption, which culminated in the arrival of VOD on televisions and personal computers.

Unlike broadcast television, VOD systems initially required each user to have an Internet connection with considerable bandwidth to access each system's content. This technology has since expanded its services from feature-film production to include broadcast television and has resulted in lower bandwidth requirements for VOD applications. Television VOD systems can stream content, either through a traditional set-top box or through remote devices such as computers, tablets, and smartphones.

VOD users can permanently download content to a device such as a computer, digital video recorder or a portable media player for continued viewing.

The majority of cable and telephone company -based television providers offer VOD streaming, whereby a user selects a video program that begins to play immediately or downloading to a digital video recorder DVR rented or purchased from the provider, or to a PC or to a portable device for delayed viewing. Internet television has emerged as an increasingly popular medium of VOD provision. Desktop client applications such as the Apple iTunes online content store and Smart TV apps such as Amazon Prime Video allow temporary rentals and purchases of video entertainment content.

Other internet-based VOD systems provide users with access to bundles of video entertainment content rather than individual movies and shows. In contrast, YouTube , another internet-based VOD system, uses an advertising-funded model in which users can access most of YouTube's video content free of charge but must pay a subscription fee for premium content.

Some airlines offer VOD services as in-flight entertainment to passengers through video screens embedded in seats or externally provided portable media players. Downloading and streaming VOD systems provide the user with all of the features of portable media players and DVD players. Some VOD systems store and stream programs from hard disk drives and use a memory buffer to allow the user to fast forward and rewind videos. It is possible to put video servers on local area networks ; these can provide rapid responses to users.

Cable companies have rolled out their own versions of VOD services through apps, allowing television access wherever there is a device that is internet capable. Cable media companies have combined VOD with live streaming services. The recent [ when? Servers for traditional cable and telco VOD services are usually placed at the cable head-end, serving a particular market and cable hubs in larger markets.

VOD services first appeared in the early s. VOD services were only made possible as a result of two major technological developments; discrete cosine transform DCT video compression and asymmetric digital subscriber line ADSL data transmission. Following this, the Cable Communications Policy Act of prohibited telephone companies from providing video services within their operating regions. IBM was developing a video server code-named Tiger Shark.

Concurrently, Digital Equipment Corporation was developing a scalable video server configured from small-to-large for a range of video streams. Many VOD trials were held with various combinations of server, network, and set-top box. The DEC server system was the most-used in these trials. The DEC VOD server architecture used interactive gateways to set up video streams and other information for delivery from any of a large number of VAX servers, enabling it in to support more than , streams with full videocassette recorder VCR -like functionality.

The SGI system supported 4, users. Although a technical success, difficulty in sourcing content was a major issue and the project closed in In , Enron Corporation had entered the broadband market, constructing and purchasing thousands of miles of fiber-optic cables throughout the United States.

By , Kingston Interactive TV had attracted 15, subscribers. After attracting 40, customers, they were bought by Tiscali in which was, in turn, bought by Talk Talk in Sky Anytime on PC uses a legal peer-to-peer approach based on Kontiki technology to provide very-high-capacity multi-point downloads of the video content.

Instead of the video content all being downloaded from Sky's servers, the content comes from multiple users of the system who have already downloaded the content. Other UK television broadcasters implemented their own versions of the same technology, such as the BBC's iPlayer , which was launched on 25 December , and Channel 4 's 4oD 4 on Demand , which was launched in late In that same year, the assets of the now-defunct Kangaroo project were acquired by Arqiva , [26] who used the technology to launch the SeeSaw service in February They use the large downstream bandwidth present on their cable systems to deliver movies and television shows to end-users.

These viewers can typically pause, fast-forward, and rewind VOD movies due to the low latency and random-access nature of cable technology. The large distribution of a single signal makes streaming VOD impractical for most satellite television systems.

In Demand is a cable VOD service that also offers pay-per-view. Once the programs have been downloaded onto a user's PVR, he or she can watch, play, pause, and seek at their convenience.

VOD is also common in expensive hotels. The number increased to by A movie, for example, could be sent out once using a broadcast signal rather than numerous times over cable or fiber-optic lines, and this would not involve the expense of adding many miles of lines.

Sezmi planned to lease part of the broadcast spectrum to offer a subscription service that National Association of Broadcasters President Gordon H. Smith said would provide a superior picture to that of cable or satellite at a lower cost. Developing VOD requires extensive negotiations to identify a financial model that would serve both content creators and cable providers while providing desirable content for viewers at an acceptable price point.

Key factors identified for determining the economic viability of the VOD model include VOD movie buy-rates and setting Hollywood and cable operator revenue splits. These on-demand packages sometimes include extras and bonus footage in addition to the regular content.

Peer-to-peer P2P file-sharing software allows the distribution of content without the linear costs associated with centralized streaming media. This innovation proved it is technically possible to offer the consumer potentially every film ever made, and the popularity and ease of use of such services may have motivated the rise of centralized video-on-demand services.

Some services such as Spotify [36] use peer-to-peer distribution to better scale their platforms. Netflix was reported to be considering switching to a P2P model [37] to cope with net neutrality problems from downstream providers. Transactional video on demand TVOD is a distribution method by which customers pay for each piece of video-on-demand content.

TVOD has two sub-categories: electronic sell-through EST , by which customers can permanently access a piece of content once purchased via the Internet; and download to rent DTR , by which customers can access the content for a limited time upon renting.

A growing number of television stations offer "catch-up TV" as a way for viewers to watch programs though their VOD services after the original television broadcast.

Some studies show catch-up television is starting to represent a large amount of the views and hours watched and that users tend to watch catch up TV programs for longer when compared to live television watching. Subscription VOD SVOD services use a subscription business model in which subscribers are charged a regular fee to access unlimited programs.

Near video on demand NVOD is a pay-per-view consumer video technique used by multi-channel broadcasters using high-bandwidth distribution mechanisms such as satellite and cable television. Multiple copies of a program are broadcast at short time intervals typically 10—20 minutes on linear channels providing convenience for viewers, who can watch the program without needing to tune in at the only scheduled point in time.

This form is bandwidth-intensive and is generally provided by large operators with a great deal of redundant capacity and has been reduced in popularity as video on demand is implemented. Edge Spectrum, an American holder of low-power broadcasting licenses, has an eventual business plan to use its network and a system of digital video recorders to simulate the video-on-demand experience.

Push video on demand is so-named because the provider "pushes" the content out to the viewer's set-top box without the viewer having requested the content.

This technique is used by several broadcasters on systems that lack the connectivity and bandwidth to provide true "streaming" video on demand. If the consumer requests one of these films, it is already loaded on her or his DVR. A push VOD system uses a personal video recorder PVR to store a selection of content, often transmitted in spare capacity overnight or all day long at low bandwidth.

Users can watch the downloaded content at the time they desire, immediately and without any buffering issues. Push VOD depends on the viewer recording content so choices can be limited.

Advertising video on demand AVOD uses an advertising-based revenue model. This allows companies that advertise on broadcast and cable channels to reach people who watch shows using VOD.

This model also allows people to watch content without paying subscription fees. View using the existing Hulu infrastructure. Sony Crackle has introduced a series of advertisements for the same company that ties into the content is being watched. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. See also: Streaming services and Media streaming. This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. September The examples and perspective in this section may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this section , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate.

February Learn how and when to remove this template message. Internet portal. Retrieved 24 December Retrieved 4 September Cord Cutters News. Retrieved 20 September Digital Signal Processing. Institution of Engineering and Technology. World Scientific. Ad Age. University of Cambridge. Retrieved 31 August The New York Times. Retrieved 17 February PR Newswire.

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Re: download business plan appeared youtube

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Re: download business plan appeared youtube

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