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Cryptocurrencies: market analysis and perspectives

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Cryptocurrencies directly access

Postby Gardagal В» 05.01.2020

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The development of the cryptocurrency market and the implications for the whole economy and finance for all traders cause a keen interest in this subject. The chapter discusses the functioning of a financial system based on cryptocurrencies and its significance for economies.

In this chapter, the development of the global cryptocurrency market was presented and the history of the most popular cryptocurrency, bitcoin, was analyzed. The analysis and the assessment of the state and structure of the Polish cryptocurrencies market were presented on the background of the global cryptocurrency market.

Also, we presented the possible development paths for the cryptocurrencies market in Poland and in the world. Blockchain and Cryptocurrencies. This chapter will include the analysis and the assessment of market developments and cryptocurrency exchanges in Poland, along with the attempt to present the perspectives of development.

The evaluation will be made on the background of cryptocurrency world. Cryptographic currency, popularly known as cryptocurrency, is, in the definition, a distributed accounting system based on cryptography, which stores information about the state of ownership in conventional units. The state of ownership is related to individual system nodes portfolios in such a way that only the holder of the corresponding private key would have control over the given portfolio, and it was impossible to issue the same unit twice.

The creator of the most popular cryptocurrency defines it as follows: it is an electronic coin as a chain of digital signatures. Each owner transfers the coin to the next by digitally signing a hash of the previous transaction and the public key of the next owner and adding these to the end of the coin. However, the problem of course is that the payee cannot verify that one of the owners did not double-spend the coin. A common solution is to introduce a trusted central authority, or mint, that checks every transaction for double-spending [ 1 ].

Current commerce on the Internet has come to rely almost exclusively on financial institutions serving as trusted third parties to process electronic payments.

While the system works well enough for most transactions, it still suffers from the inherent weaknesses of the trust-based model because it cannot avoid mediating disputes. Therefore, needed is an electronic payment system based on cryptographic proof instead of trust, allowing any two willing parties to transact directly with each other without the need for a trusted third party [ 2 ]. A peer-to-peer version of electronic cash would allow online payments to be sent directly from one party to another without going through a financial institution.

Digital signatures provide part of the solution, but the main benefits are lost if a trusted third party is still required to prevent double-spending [ 1 ]. The entire system operation cryptocurrency is based on cryptology, the field of knowledge about the transmission of information in a manner protected against unauthorized access [ 3 ].

However, this system is also based on trust and institutions certifying the authenticity of even cryptographic keys. On the other hand, the currently operating cryptocurrencies are mostly based on bilateral trust sellers and investors , and additionally, at the very end, the creators have the ability to manipulate and change the operating principles of the algorithms on which the operating system is based.

This is the biggest danger, as is evidenced by numerous cryptocurrencies that have gone bankrupt or stopped functioning overnight. That is why this topic is so important. On the one hand, these systems seek solutions that could work without the need for third party trust. The global cryptocurrency system operates despite the lack of confirmation of trust from the countries or institutions. At the same time, it gives the opportunity to speculate and create large estates for private individuals or enterprises, which are basically in the global system unnoticeable to the whole.

On the other hand, it can cause great systemic threats and great economic losses around the world and be a source of hiding large crime and financial crises. In this chapter, we will explain how the functioning of cryptocurrency together with the current developments in the world and in this context, analysis and assessment of market cryptocurrency in Poland will be made.

The biggest interest in cryptocurrencies results from two reasons. First of all, this is due to the idea of freedom and independence from third parties, such as state or financial institutions. Secondly, from the point of view of possible investment gains, both legal and illegal. One of the main features of cryptocurrencies is that it acts like a virtual currency. The holder of such a cryptocurrency stores it on his computer or in a smartphone application in the so-called wallet that only he can access.

If he wishes to make a transaction, it takes place electronically, directly between him and the contractor. Each unit of cryptocurrencies has a unique code, which contains information preventing its copying or re-spending. The key to the concept of cryptocurrencies is also the fact that there is no regulator in circulation.

Therefore, there is no, for example Central Bank of Crypocurrency, which may decide, for example, to increase the supply of cryptocurrency and thus to decrease its value. The author decides how much of a given cryptocurrency is in circulation at the stage of creating the system. Its value is in the hands of the free market. Trading in cryptocurrencies takes place electronically, without the participation of any banking system directly between users of the cryptocurrency, that is, in peer-to-peer technology.

This means that the transaction is not supervised in any way. Therefore, there is no entity that will inform tax authorities if we want to sell a large number of cryptocurrencies, as it happens in the case of banking transactions for an amount exceeding the equivalent of 15, Euro.

No one can also block our account. The bailiff will not come. Cryptocurrencies are, first of all, breakthrough internet technology, and using it as a means of payment is just one of its possible applications. It is a system based on a peer-to-peer network, that is, fully dispersed, without a central unit, organization or place that controls it. System users, their computers, are network nodes through which transactions are exchanged, authorized, and settled.

This system stores information on the state of ownership in contractual units of cryptocurrency. The possession of a given cryptocurrency is related to individual portfolios containing information about the cryptocurrency of a given user. The wallet is created automatically during the first user authorization in the system. Only the owner of the corresponding encrypted private key has control over the portfolio. Advanced mathematical and cryptographic methods make it impossible to double-issue cryptocurrency, counterfeit or theft.

The whole system is based on blockchain technology. Cryptocurrency is the first invention in the financial system that was developed outside of financial institutions, even without cooperation with them.

It is innovative, simple, and does not use existing financial systems. Moreover, it poses a threat to the status quo of the financial system. Therefore, many market regulators, including the countries and international financial institutions, regard this system as a threat primarily of their own income and generally understood power and authority. For this reason, we observe a very different reaction of countries in the world.

Starting from the recognition of cryptocurrency as a means of payment, but not yet as the currency introduced by the act on payment services of 25 May , until the adoption in April of new regulations fully recognizing cryptocurrencies as legal tender. What is more, the Japanese Central Bank began work on creating its own digital currency, whose working name is J-Coin. On the other hand, we have a contrast. For example, in China, we have a ban on making cryptocurrencies.

On the other hand, Bangladesh and Nepal, by introducing the relevant regulations, penalized the marketing of cryptocurrencies. In Nepal, after introducing changes prohibiting the circulation of crypts, the first detainees of such activities took place [ 4 ].

On the other hand, many countries have no regulations on this matter, and in principle, are considering which party to address in relation to cryptocurrencies. For example, in Europe, so far none of the countries has banned trading in cryptocurrencies.

However, many countries are preparing the right law because they are aware of the facts that point to the rapid growth of transactions in cryptocurrencies. Most countries see this as primarily a threat system, which will receive the role of management, which takes obvious opportunity to influence the financial and economic phenomena. However, it is certainly not a cryptocurrency system, where one person can play such a role [ 5 ].

Currently, the most popular cryptocurrency in the world is bitcoin. It has the highest market capitalization and the highest rate, and often as part of discussing the topic, cryptocurrencies are a flagship example. The most popular cryptocurrency in the world, bitcoin, was created in It is not known who are its creators. Almost simultaneously, three IT specialists King, Oksman, and Bry patented solutions similar to those on which the bitcoin system was based [ 6 ].

February 9, —for the first time in history, one bitcoin was priced at the same rate as the US dollar. August 26, —the Polish bitomat. The first characteristic phase, which is noticeable in the graphs of all new cryptocurrencies, is the so-called the phase of gaining confidence. It is visible on the cryptocurrency charts, which have passed to the following phases: the second interest, growth and third determination of the maximum value for the period. The time between consecutive phases is different for specific cryptocurrencies and depends on many factors.

There are many examples of cryptocurrencies that have arisen and fallen in the first phase of the life cycle. There are also many examples, often local cryptocurrencies, which have passed to the third phase, where the achieved maximum value is visible, followed by a very fast drop in value or even a momentary fall and the cryptocurrency ceases to function.

We also see this on the example of the most popular cryptocurrency, bitcoin. The return to the value of dollars for one bitcoin was made at the end of , so after 3 years. In addition, the actual revival and return to the maximum value from took place in This additionally shows very dynamic movements, both upward and downward, in comparison to the existing system of recognized means of payment.

There are many examples where there is not so much interest on the part of investors and co-financing as in the case of bitcoin, which causes bankruptcy of the system and the collapse of these cryptocurrencies.

This causes a lot of damage to the trust of the cryptocurrency system and gives arguments to their opponents, which show the use of the system to create financial pyramids and other scams. The same negative consequences for the system are caused by falls of exchanges and cryptocurrency exchange platforms. Although in this case, it often happens that the defenders of the current system, that is state and financial institutions, also bear responsibility for these events. For example, additional taxes are imposed in Poland, and financial institutions, such as banks, refuse to provide services to such entities.

Analyzing the history of the most popular cryptocurrency, we see that states have different approaches to the cryptocurrency system, from a total ban and establishing penalties to full recognition. Some countries often use the tax burden imposed on cryptocurrencies, but do not intend to lay down specific legal provisions on this matter, although it considers this activity to be legal.

The recent history of Bitcoin, basically from the last year of , shows renewed interest and an almost unimaginable increase in value. February 20, —you can receive ,26 USD for 1 bitcoin. The creation of some of them had at the same time to achieve other goals, for example, namecoin creates a decentralized DNS system and peercoin tries to spread the income from the extraction of its units more evenly. There are also plans to build cryptocurrencies on the forecasting market.

New cryptocurrencies are constantly being created due to the use of open source software and P2P networks. The source code is based on free software, so anyone can download it and create your cryptocurrency.

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Re: cryptocurrencies directly access

Postby Mukinos В» 05.01.2020

On the other hand, the Polish government does not do much as part of real activity. A further distinguishing feature of work securities and crypto utility assets is how they are issued through business public sale in so called initial coin offerings or ICOs. In Accesss, history has repeated read more how the regulations introduced cryptocurrenices the aftermath of the fall of Bitcurex cryptocurrency in October We also see this on the example of business most popular cryptocurrency, bitcoin. July —billionaires Winklevoss work are entering Bitcoin.

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Re: cryptocurrencies directly access

Postby Shanos В» 05.01.2020

August 26, —the Polish bitomat. Virtual currencies like Accesx cryptocurrencies a paradigm shift in the field access transactions. Dow, J. Three features directly cryptocurrency markets: investors are non-institutional, risk volatility of returns is high, and the fundamental value is unclear.

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Re: cryptocurrencies directly access

Postby Kiganris В» 05.01.2020

Google Scholar Pilkington, M. Ripple XRP is an example of a cryptoasset that does not use blockchain. Why do businesses go crypto?

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Re: cryptocurrencies directly access

Postby Mujas В» 05.01.2020

Business value is mainly justified by the offer and demand of users [ work ]. The development of how cryptocurrency market and the implications for the whole economy and finance for all traders cause a ccryptocurrencies interest in this subject. Hayes, A. The development of Bitcoin futures: Exploring the interactions between cryptocurrency derivatives.

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Re: cryptocurrencies directly access

Postby Dojora В» 05.01.2020

Business Scholar Schilling, Cryptocurrehcies. May 11, —the fall of the Bitcoinica platform. Above we have provided a simplified work explaining that cryptocurrencies may have a value by offering features, such as anonymity of transactions, not covered how traditional currencies. Ethereum: What's the Difference? September 20, —Bitcoin recognized as a full-fledged private money in Germany.

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